All photo lessons are written by ICS Tony Le Kim Thuan APSA HonEFIAP
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Ultra close-ups which lose their identity, studio-type model shots, or photographic manipulations that misrepresent the true situation or alter the content of the image are unacceptable in Photo Travel competition.
No pictorial elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, sharpening, and restoration of original color to the scene. Any adjustments must appear natural.”
“In the interest of credibility, photographs which misrepresent the truth, such as manipulation to alter the subject matter, or situations which are set up for the purpose of photography, are unacceptable.” The only digital editing that can be allowed must fit with the PSA definition for acceptable Photojournalism images. That means that the only editing that can be done includes cropping and color correction that could be done in a darkroom.
No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.
Human Interest in Photojournalism is defined as an image depicting a person or persons in an interactive, emotional or unusual situation, excluding sports action.
The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality. Human elements shall not be present, except on the rare occasion where those human elements enhance the nature story. The presence of scientific bands on wild animals is acceptable. Photographs of artificially produced hybrid plants or animals, mounted specimens, or obviously set arrangements, are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.
No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except sharpening, resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original color to the scene. No special effects filters can be applied. Any adjustments must appear natural.”
All images used in recognized PSA Nature Division competitions for Wildlife images must meet the additional PSA Definition for Nature Wildlife Photography as follows:
All digital images used in PSA Nature Division approved competitions or for competitions or for competitions governed by PSA Nature Division rules must be considered “Digital Realism”.
“Makers may perform any enhancements and modifications that improve the presentation of the image that could have been done at the time the image was taken but that does not change the truth of the original nature story. Cropping and horizontal flipping (equivalent to reversing a slide) are acceptable modifications. Addition of elements, removal of elements other than by cropping, combining elements from separate images, rearranging elements or cloning elements are not acceptable.”
In addition to the General Definition above, Wildlife is defined as one or more organisms defined as, "Authentic living free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Therefore, photographs of zoo or game farm animals are not eligible for the PSA Silver Wildlife Medal."
Minimal evidence of humans is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.
The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used.
Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene.
After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to use the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.
A monochrome print is defined as having no more than two colours: monochrome plus one other colour, or
A monochrome print is defined as having no more than one colour; but it may be any single colour.
A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.
On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category; such a work requires colour reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.
NOW, LET'S LEARN PSA FIAP DEFINITION OF PHOTOGRAPHY
A successful composition is sketches in the view finder of camera and pulls eyes across the whole image, sometimes referred to as visual impact in which will create a more interesting piece of art it will show a pleasing rhythm and movement and finally it settles on the main subject of the photography.
Moreover, many artistic photographers today like to bend or ignore theory that leads to these rules and therefore those are experimenting with the different forms of photography expression; So that it called “framework” by artistic photographer’s impression, instead calling “rules” composition.
Before breaking the rules, let’s learn the basic rule.
It pleases viewers in an abstract sense because it forces artistic photographer to recognize the "Golden Proportion" within the framework of the rectangle. In fact there are 4 such "star points" available within the rectangle. Either one of these star points will be utilized as the location of the primary subject.
Any secondary elements of the image must be placed at another star point or on a diagonal line that exists between stare points.
The Rule of Thirds is also based on the fact that the human eye is naturally drawn to a star point about two-thirds up a frame camera’s viewfinder. Therefore cropping or framing an image through camera’s viewfinder that made the main subjects are located around one of the intersection star points rather than in the center of the image.
The center of interest view point in an image is not in the center of framework because placement of the subject there forces viewer’s eye to view it in an unnatural and uncomfortable manner.
With me, there is no word composition “rule” when it is relates toward the art.
With me, the art is a miracle-way for an artistic photographer can freely sketch, stretch and push the boundaries.
However, an artistic photographer must first know the composition rules before his/hers breaks them in order to go into the different forms of photography expression.
Taking a picture from above or below that brings in the image an element of exertion.
Now don't be afraid of breaking rules!
Edward Weston said: "Consulting the rules of composition before taking a photograph is like consulting the laws of gravity before going for a walk."
NOW ENJOY PHOTOGRAPH WITH OR WITHOUT "RULES" OF THIRD THOUGH ART IMPRESSION.
light with soft box or umbrella.
DETERMINING THE CORRECT EXPOSURE
with the DSLR camera or other camera that you plan on using for taking
APPROPRIATE LIGHTING TECHNIQUE
The success of a photographic portrait depends as much on the artistic and creative use of lighting as it does on skills and use camera.
creates the impact, styles, and the moods.
One method of creating High Contrast is to use a single specular light, no fill; in fact on the normal fill side use subtractive or diffuse lighting.
· Lower-contrast lighting produces a softer image.
No exposure difference between the meter measured sides of the subject.
APPLY TO CREATIVE IMPACT
As the angle of light is increased away from the camera axis, the reflective quality of that light array becomes BRIGHTER.
lights that strike the subject should have the same incident volume as the fill light. The exception to this is the main
PROFILE OF MODEL
The profile is a study of only one side of the face from the chin to the forehead.
widest, most fullest side of the face is most suitable because it usually has
the most contours.
· For female it’s toward the camera three to five degrees.
TIPS OF LIGHT
Main Light is what sets the density of the image by the exposure setting.
Fill Light is what sets the shadows or softens of the image by the exposure setting.
Hair Light is to add some highlight to the hair for details.
Back Ground Light is a separation light between the subject to background.
Just A Reminder!
only required light is the main light.
Success of a photographic portrait depends as much on the artistic and creative use of advanced lighting technique for impact, Style and Mood; Apply a little photo shop no more than 3% for enhance the image.
NOW, LET'S PRACTICE LIGHTING TECHNIQUE...
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