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LET'S LEARN PSAFIAP DEFINITION

posted Apr 4, 2011, 6:27 PM by lyvuong@icsphoto.us   [ updated Apr 21, 2011, 11:03 AM by Tony Le ]

INTRODUCTION

The summary photo definition of PSA and FIAP will help enthusiastic photography from beginner to serious amateur photographers able to identify his/hers artwork category for entry international exhibition salon as PSA FIAP requirement.

DEFINITION OF PSA PHOTO TRAVEL DIVISION

“A Photo Travel image must express the feeling of a time and place, portray a land, its people, or a culture in its natural state, and has no geographical limitations.

Ultra close-ups which lose their identity, studio-type model shots, or photographic manipulations that misrepresent the true situation or alter the content of the image are unacceptable in Photo Travel competition.

No pictorial elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, sharpening, and restoration of original color to the scene. Any adjustments must appear natural.”

DEFINITION OF PSA PHOTO JOURNALISM DIVISON

Photojournalism shall consist of pictures or sequences with informative content and emotional impact, including human interest, documentary, and spot news. The journalistic value of the photograph shall be considered over pictorial quality.

“In the interest of credibility, photographs which misrepresent the truth, such as manipulation to alter the subject matter, or situations which are set up for the purpose of photography, are unacceptable.” The only digital editing that can be allowed must fit with the PSA definition for acceptable Photojournalism images. That means that the only editing that can be done includes cropping and color correction that could be done in a darkroom.

No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.

Human Interest in Photojournalism is defined as an image depicting a person or persons in an interactive, emotional or unusual situation, excluding sports action.

DEFINITION OF PSA PHOTO NATURE DIVISON

“Nature Photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict observations from all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify as to its honest presentation.

The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality. Human elements shall not be present, except on the rare occasion where those human elements enhance the nature story. The presence of scientific bands on wild animals is acceptable. Photographs of artificially produced hybrid plants or animals, mounted specimens, or obviously set arrangements, are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.

No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except sharpening, resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original color to the scene. No special effects filters can be applied. Any adjustments must appear natural.”

All images used in recognized PSA Nature Division competitions for Wildlife images must meet the additional PSA Definition for Nature Wildlife Photography as follows:

DEFINITION OF PSA PHOTO NATURE WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY

Authentic wildlife is defined as one or more organisms, living free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Therefore, photographs of zoo or game farm animals are not eligible for Wildlife competitions."

All digital images used in PSA Nature Division approved competitions or for competitions or for competitions governed by PSA Nature Division rules must be considered “Digital Realism”.

“Makers may perform any enhancements and modifications that improve the presentation of the image that could have been done at the time the image was taken but that does not change the truth of the original nature story. Cropping and horizontal flipping (equivalent to reversing a slide) are acceptable modifications. Addition of elements, removal of elements other than by cropping, combining elements from separate images, rearranging elements or cloning elements are not acceptable.”

In addition to the General Definition above, Wildlife is defined as one or more organisms defined as, "Authentic living free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Therefore, photographs of zoo or game farm animals are not eligible for the PSA Silver Wildlife Medal."

DEFINITION OF FIAP PHOTO NATURE PHOTOGRAPHY

Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natural habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs. Photographs of animals which are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible. 

Minimal evidence of humans is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.
The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used.

Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene.

After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to use the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.

DEFINITION OF PSA MONOCHROME – BLACK & WHITE PRINT

PSA offer the choice of the following two definitions for Monochrome:
A monochrome print is defined as having no more than two colours: monochrome plus one other colour, or

A monochrome print is defined as having no more than one colour; but it may be any single colour.

DEFINITION OF FIAP MONOCHROME – BLACK & WHITE PRINT

A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.

A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category; such a work requires colour reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

NOW, LET'S LEARN PSA FIAP DEFINITION OF PHOTOGRAPHY


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